On July 21, 1925, the famous Scopes Monkey trial over teaching evolution in public schools concluded. Mostly remembered today was the clash between two legendary public figures. But the legal fight didn’t end that day in Tennessee.
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In the Scopes case, high school biology teacher John Scopes was charged with illegally teaching the theory of evolution in violation of a state law championed by William Jennings Bryan.
via Anniversary of the famous Scopes “Monkey” trial. @ Yahoo News
Ernestine van der Wall, a Professor of the History of Christianity at Leiden University in the Netherlands, introduces the following origins of the characterization of the controversy. via Wikipedi.org
All in all the new scientific approach to the Bible caused men and women to ask themselves whether the Bible was merely a collection of myths, legends, and folklore, whether there was a kernel of history in it – and if so, what that kernel contained. The imagery of the ‘kernel’ and the ‘husk’ was immensely popular in modernist discourse. Actually it was a modern rephrasing of a much older distinction in religious history, that between the ‘necessaria’ and ‘non-necessaria’, the fundamentals and non-fundamentals of faith. The ‘fundamentals’, of course, was the term Christian conservatives in the United States made their own in the anti-modernist crusade in the early twentieth century, and ‘fundamentalist’, a term coined in 1920, is merely a label derived from this notion.